Why are carrier oils important for oral marijuana products?
As we’ve discussed in previous blogs and postings, the medicinal components of marijuana (e.g., cannabinoids and terpenes) are what scientists call hydrophobic, they don’t like to mix with water. Due to this trait, companies manufacturing oral and topical marijuana products have been utilizing encapsulation techniques to help the body absorb these cannabinoids. For oral products however, it is important to choose products with the correct carrier oil to optimize 1) bioavailability and 2) stability of the medicine when ingested.
What are common types of carrier oils?
The most common types of carriers oils that you will hear about are MCT oils (e.g., fractionated coconut oil) and LCT oils (e.g., olive oil). When ingested, these oils are broken down into free fatty acids, which when paired with cannabinoids in an emulsion, help the body to absorb the compounds through the intestine and into the blood stream. Thus, improving the “bioavailability” of the cannabinoids to help treat medical conditions in the body such as chronic pain or irritable bowl disease.
Which carrier oils are best?
This question is asked quite often amongst consumers. In general, both MCTs and LCTs are both quality carrier oils and are commonly used by the most reputable producers. However, if we had to pick one, LCTs would reign supreme and ultimately provide better absorption of cannabinoids due to their longer chain fatty acids. The most important takeaway is to buy your CBD and/or marijuana oral products from reputable manufacturers who use quality ingredients.
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